What is Myopia?

Myopia, also called nearsightedness, is when you can see things that are close to you more clearly than things that are far away. It is a fairly common refractive error that occurs when the shape of your eyeball causes rays of light to bend incorrectly, focusing imaging in front of your retina instead of on your retina.  

Common symptoms of myopia, or nearsightedness, include:

  • Blurry vision when looking at objects in the distance.
  • The need to squint to see clearly.
  • Eye strain headaches.
  • Trouble seeing when driving, particularly at night.


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    What Causes Myopia?

    There are two main parts of the eye that focus images including the cornea and the lens. Normally, each of these elements has a smooth curvature, similar to the surface of a marble. If your cornea or lens is not smoothly curved, light rays are not refracted correctly, leading to a refractive error. Nearsightedness happens when your eyeball is longer than it should be, and your cornea is curved too steeply.

    Diagnosing and Treating Myopia

    Myopia can be diagnosed during a basic eye exam. During this appointment, Dr. Gupta will perform a refraction assessment to see if you have vision problems like nearsighted or farsightedness. She may also use different tools to assess your vision. If nearsightedness is diagnosed, we will discuss possible treatment options.

    The main goal of myopia treatment is to improve vision by helping to focus light on your retina with corrective lenses or refractive surgery.

    Contact Lenses: Contact lenses are worn right on your eyes, and are available in many different forms. If you choose to purchase prescription contact lenses, be sure to use proper contact lens hygiene to keep your eyes healthy.

    Eyeglasses: Glasses are an easy and safe way to correct nearsightedness. There are many different types of eyeglass lenses including single vision, bifocals, trifocals, and progressive multifocals. Dr. Gupta will work with you to determine which lenses are best for improving your vision.

    LASIK: LASIK is a safe and effective procedure that uses a laser to adjust the curves of your cornea and correct refractive errors such as nearsightedness. Recovery from LASIK is usually quicker than that of other cornea surgeries, and once your vision is corrected, you will not have to depend on eyeglasses or contacts.


    Dr.Archana Gupta

    Cataract Surgeon, Opthalmologist, Cornea & External Diseases Specialist

    Dr. Archana Gupta is a board certified ophthalmologist. She specializes in cataract, cornea, external diseases and refractive surgery.

    Schedule Your Appointment

    If you are having difficulty seeing objects in the distance or have trouble driving at night, schedule an eye exam with Dr. Gupta today. At Advanced Eye Surgeons, we perform thorough and professional eye assessments to properly diagnose and treat refractive errors

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    “Everyone deserves to witness the beauty of our world in its full glory.”